This handout was given during our food class to show what types of food to have and how much to store.
Recommended: 3 days supply of food. Freeze dried foods are the best tasting, have a 25-year shelf life and are light weight. MRE’s are good to have if you can’t start a fire to boil water but they weigh more than freeze dried meals and a 5-year shelf life. High calorie food bars have a 5-year shelf life and are quick and easy to eat while on the move. I recommend you have at least freeze dried and food bars, and if you can stomach the MREs then go for it.
IMPORTANT TIPS: Not all freeze dried meals are the same. Some require that you keep the food simmering for 15-20 minutes. That takes up a lot of resources. Use freeze dried meals that only require you to bring the water to a boil then take it off the heat. Lighting a fire can be a security issue so you want to keep the flames low and the fire contained in as small an area as possible.
Recommended: One year food supplies per person. This should include a mixture of food in the following three categories:
#1 Bulk dried foods like rice, beans, oats and wheat. These are your staple foods and will require more prep time and storage space than other foods but will allow you to get the most food for the money.
#2 Freeze dried foods. You can get freeze dried meals, vegetables, fruit and meat. They are easier to prepare, lightweight, take up less space, and have 15-25 year shelf life. Downside is they cost more than bulk foods.
#3 Pantry foods. This would include items you keep in your pantry like canned goods, peanut butter, honey, pasta sauce, etc. These are the foods that you will go through first because they have the shortest shelf life (except honey). They are heavy and take up a lot of space but are an important addition to your foods supplies.
IMPORTANT TIPS: Stock up on honey since it can be used medicinally and does not go bad. Do not buy cheap honey from China. Pay a little more and buy local honey. Stock up on salt. Each family should have hundreds of pounds of salt on hand to use for meat preservation and bartering.
Farm Animals and Biproducts
If you have the land you should seriously consider raising farm animals. Even if you live in a subdivision you can raise rabbits in your backyard and no one would know. They take up a small amount of space, are very quiet, and are high in protein. Since rabbits are a lean meat, do not rely on them alone for your only source of meat protein. Combine them with other high calorie fatty protein sources like chicken, pork, or salmon.
How Many Daily Calories Will I Need?
Sedentary means no extra physical activity beyond daily activities for living.
Moderate means walking up to 3 miles daily at a normal pace (3 to 4 mph).
Active means walking more than 3 miles daily or heavy manual labor.
Consider the likely disasters in your geographic area then imagine what your day would be like. Would you be engaged repairing your house, clearing debris, helping the community rebuild or would you be passing time with paperbacks until services returned to normal? Once you’ve determined your “emergency” activity level, check the chart (2014 U.S. Dietary Guidelines) for recommended maximum calorie intake.
Balance your calories
There are a lot of fad diets out there that require you to avoid certain types of food, such as carbs and fat. However, carbohydrates are required for energy and fat helps you feel full and can help stabilize blood sugar.
FOOD STORAGE RECOMMENDATIONS
These are only recommendations. You will need to determine what you should store for your family according to your specific needs, medical conditions, allergies, and other food supplies.
The following is the amount of DRIED FOOD AND BAKING ITEMS for one adult for one year. This does not include meat, protein, fruits, or vegetables.
|Corn Meal||25 lbs|
|Total Grains||300 lbs|
|Fats and Oils|
|Vegetable/Olive Oil||2 lbs|
|Salad Dressing||1 lb|
|Peanut Butter||4 lbs|
|Total Fats||13 lbs|
|Dried Pinto Beans||25 lbs|
|Red Kidney Beans||10 lbs|
|Lima Beans||5 lbs|
|Split Peas||5 lbs|
|Bean Soup Mix||25 lbs|
|Total Legumes||75 lbs|
|Brown Sugar||3 lbs|
|Corn Syrup||3 lbs|
|Powdered Drink Mix||6 lbs|
|Flavored Gelatin||1 lbs|
|Total Sugars||47 lbs|
|Dry Milk||60 lbs|
|Evaporated Milk||12 cans|
|Total Dairy||63 lbs|
|Baking Powder||1 lb|
|Baking Soda||1 lb|
|Water for preparing & cooking||100 gal.|